5G has almost arrived, but there are some countries still struggling with the 4G network. Out of 195 Countries in the world, Only 89 countries have 4G Network Coverage and today we have started talking about 5G Technology.
We are not here to discuss 4G Technology and its Network coverage. This was a rough Idea on when 5g will rollout to your country.
Now let’s talk about 5G Technology.
Whenever we talk about 5G, The First question arises is “What is 5G Technology?”
So here we have tried to answer some of the questions that you generally need to know.
- What is 5G Technology?
- How Does 5G Technology Work?
- How Fast is 5G Network?
- Why Do We Need 5G?
- How 5G Will Transform Cloud Computing?
We know this not the end of the Questions. If you have any other questions, You can ask in the Comments. We will try to answer all your questions.
What is 5G Technology?
5g is the fifth generation of a cellular mobile network that is going to succeed 4g and 3g networks that are currently being used..
The true 5g network can handle large amounts of data with a near-zero latency, which makes possible real-time and live connections to existing ones simultaneously between many different devices on the network. This is a very important factor when it comes to autonomous cars or remote medical applications that involve very precise and instantaneous actions and responses.
How Does 5G Technology Works?
5G network architecture illustrating the joint work of 5G and 4G, with central and local servers that provide faster content to users and low-latency applications.
A mobile network has two main components, the “Radio Access Network” and the “Central Network”.
The radio access network: consists of several types of facilities, including small cells, towers, masts and dedicated construction and home systems that connect mobile users and wireless devices to the main network.
Small cells will be an important feature of 5G networks, particularly in the new millimeter wave frequencies (mmWave) where the connection range is very short. To provide a continuous connection, small cells will be distributed in groups depending on where users require a connection, which will complement the macro network that provides wide area coverage.
The 5G macrocells will use MIMO antennas (multiple inputs, multiple outputs) that have multiple elements or connections to send and receive more data simultaneously. The benefit for users is that more people can simultaneously connect to the network and maintain high performance. When MIMO antennas use a large number of antenna elements, they are often referred to as “massive MIMOs,” however, the physical size is similar to existing 3G and 4G base station antennas.
The Core Network: is the mobile data and exchange network that manages all mobile voice, data and internet connections. For 5G, the “core network” is being redesigned to better integrate with the Internet and cloud-based services and also includes servers distributed throughout the network, improving response times (reducing latency).
Many of the advanced features of 5G, including virtualization of network functions and network outages for different applications and services, will be managed in the kernel. The following illustration shows examples of local cloud servers that provide faster content to users (movie streaming) and low-latency applications for vehicle collision prevention systems.
How Fast is 5G Network?
5G can reach a maximum of 10 gigabits per second (Gbps). That means that 5G is one hundred times faster than current 4G technology, anyway at its theoretical maximum speed.
For example, A user can download a two-hour movie in just 3.6 seconds with 5G, compared to 6 minutes with 4G or 26 hours with 3G.
Why Do We Need 5G?
The arrival of 5G technology networks marks the beginning of a globally connected digital society. Internet access on mobile forms the basis of business in all industries. This is followed by a demand for flexible work practices. The rapid increase in mobile access to the Internet and cloud-based technologies that allow people to perform operations that were not possible before.
How 5G Will Transform Cloud Computing?
The combination of 5G and cloud technologies will enrich the capacity, functionality and flexibility of a number of industries, especially for the cloud companies themselves. This combination will allow network operators to offer competitive services in a way that non-cellular IoT (Internet of Things) network providers cannot copy. These innovations will introduce several investment opportunities for companies in the cloud. This is how the 5G improvement of cloud technologies will benefit some innovations.
Also Read : What is Cloud Computing and How it works?
Data transmission and analysis: Existing Big Data processing technology uses cloud infrastructure to support the required storage. However, to transmit analysis in Big Data, systems still face major challenges related to latency with today’s wireless networks. As 5G networks are promoted as surprisingly fast, real-time transmission challenges will be greatly minimized.
Artificial intelligence (AI) and natural language processing (NLP): as more and more companies are using AI and NLP, they will require the ability to process and manage large amounts of data. Most cloud computing service providers have the necessary computers and storage, but they need to improve their real-time data ingestion capabilities. 5G will provide the required level of data transmission for AI and NLP-based applications to function effectively.
Industrial IoT (IIoT): in cases of industrial use, such as supply chain management and process manufacturing, processing and analyzing the massive amount of real-time sensor data is crucial to obtain valuable information to manage costs and efficiency. 5G has the potential to reduce the cost of Big Data analysis and make it even more effective given the remote and variable nature of these workloads.
Edge computing: 5G greatly impacts the performance of mobile and remote devices. Remote systems, such as location tracking applications, home automation systems and voice assistants, which rely on sensors, will use 5G to transfer a large amount of data ten times faster than 4G networks.
Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR): 5G will drastically improve the quality of VR and AR applications, bringing innovations in industries such as retail, travel, medical care, etc..